The performance of Hungarian packaging industry in numbers

The Hungarian Association of Packaging and Materials Handling (HAPHM), a new member of WPO, prepared the statistical analysis of the Hungarian packaging industry in 2012.

According to the data of Hungarian Central Statistical Office (HCSO), in 2011 the packaging industry has grown by 4.4% in value. This pace of growth is far less than we have experienced during 2010 (16.3%) and also smaller than the average Hungarian industrial growth of 5.4%.

In volume, the Hungarian packaging industry has decreased by 4.7% in 2011 but this data is based only on expert estimation because HCSO database does not contains data reflecting to this point.

march13_07Figure 1. Total packaging materials consumption in
Hungary between 2002 and 2011 in value and in volume

The packaging materials consumption of different packaging materials is shown by Figure 2 in value and Figure 3 in volume. The highlighted period of time is 2002-2011 which allows to overview the evolution of ten years.

march13_08Figure 2. Hungary’s packaging materials consumption of
different packaging materials between 2002 and 2011, in value

march13_09Figure 3. Hungary’s packaging materials consumption of
different packaging materials between 2002 and 2011, in volume

In terms of materials, paper appears as the most important packaging material, both in value and volume. In 2010 the use of plastic packaging has reached – in value – the level of paper but in 2011 the trend turned back and plastic packaging usage was similar to that in 2008. The growth pace of these two packaging materials was almost parallel in the last ten years. The leading role of paper and plastic as packaging materials correlates with the international trends.

It is important to point out the intense growth of use of metal packaging materials – also in value. Regarding the wood packaging materials the trend, in value, seems to be steady, but in volume, after a short relapse, shows a moderate growth in volume since 2007. In glass packaging there is a slow and steady decline in value and a more intense decline in volume.

In case of paper packaging materials, national production dominates and import exceeds the level of export. All the three areas (national production, import, export) are growing, and export and import show a flat tendency (Figure 4 and 5).

march13_10Figure 4. Turnover of paper packaging
materials between 2002 and 2011, in value

march13_11Figure 5. Turnover of paper packaging
materials between 2002 and 2011, in volume

Distribution of paper packaging by types is the following according to statistics:

  • corrugated board products: 55%,
  • cardboard boxes: 32%,
  • paper sacks, bags: 6%,
  • traditional labels: 3%
  • self-adhesive labels: 2%
  • corrugated paper: 2%.

Differentiating labels amongst packaging materials is new in the statistical data. The leading packaging materials – corrugated board and cardboard boxes, paper sacks, bags – show similar shares as in the past years.

Plastic packaging materials have endured – both in value and volume – the largest decline in 2009. In 2010 this tendency changed, turnover data in value broke a record but those in volume show a consolidate growth. In 2011 level of usage decreased both in value and volume in comparison with 2010, however data are better than they were in the worst year, 2009. The level of export shows a steady growth in the last ten years.

march13_12Figure 6. Turnover of plastic packaging
materials between 2002 and 2011, in value

march13_13Figure 7. Turnover of plastic packaging
materials between 2002 and 2011, in volume

Distribution of plastic packaging by types according to statistics is:

  • bags, sacks: 30%,
  • boxes, crates: 10%,
  • bottles, ballons: 22%,
  • other: 38%..

Last year’s data were based on value share. That is why we cannot compare 2010 and 2011. However the tendencies are similar. This year data of closures is missing.

Looking at the turnover of metal packaging materials we can see diverse tendencies. According to value data, since 2004 import exceeds the national production, however, during the analysed ten years, in volume, homeland production always dominated the import. In 2011 both export and import increased intensely. This packaging material was the less affected by the crisis started in 2008, which is probably caused by its role in packaging final consumer goods.

march13_14Figure 8. Turnover of metal packaging
materials between 2002 and 2011, in value

march13_15Figure 9. Turnover of metal packaging
materials between 2002 and 2011, in volume

Distribution of metal packaging by types according to statistics is:

  • steel barrels, drums: 19%,
  • steel cans: 54%,
  • aluminium packaging means (including aerosol bottles): 21%,
  • crown corks: 6%.

In case of glass packaging materials, 2011 is a turn point regarding value data. Export, import and national production also have grown but not in the same pace that is why the total national consumption of glass packaging materials has decreased.

march13_16Figure 10. Turnover of glass packaging
materials between 2002 and 2011, in value

A similar growth tendency can be seen in the volume data as well, while import has moderately decreased.

march13_17Figure 11. Turnover of glass packaging
materials between 2002 and 2011, in volume

In case of glass packaging materials, due to the low number of manufacturers, HCSO does not publish detailed data for confidentiality reasons.

Analysing the turnover of wood packaging materials – both in value and volume – all sales directions show growth since 2009.

march13_18Figure 13. Turnover of wood packaging
materials between 2002 and 2011, in volume

Distribution of wood packaging by types according to statistics is:

  • pallets: 67%
  • barrels: 12%,
  • boxes, drums: 18%
  • cable box: 3%.

Similarly to the previous year, in 2011 the share of pallets is almost the same while the share of boxes and cable boxes increased by 3% (last year these two packaging categories were not distinguished). The national packaging means consumption depends on the performance of the national economy, moves together with it but usually with time delay.

More information on this study contact Miklós Nagy, Secretary General of Hungarian Association of Packaging and Materials Handling (HAPMH) at nagym@csaosz.hu or visit www.csaosz.hu.

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